Town of Maieru

The town of Maieru is located in a region where the crystal skies of Rodna Mountains meet the volcanic rocks of Bârgaului Mountains. It is bordered by three hills higher than 100 m: Măgura Caselor (East), Măgura Porcului (North), Măgura de Jos (South).

Someşului Mare Valley allowed this area to be inhabited, due to its large extensions. The largest extension is on Valea Caselor river, on the territory of the village of Maieru, due to the sediment rocks. The Someşul Mare chute is a large depression area, bordered at the north and at the south by abrupt versants. This relief is the polarization axle of the settlements and of the communication paths. The bordering piedmont is the passing from the depression to the mountain area, as the piedmont is populated too.

Anieş Valley offers a wilderness of the relief, as the river flows through a deep valley, with abrupt walls, to the area where, la 3-4 km far from Anieş village, in the deep bottom lands or the milder slops, there appear permanently inhabited houses.

The mountain area of Rodna, with peaks between 800-2000m, occupies 70% of the territory. The mountain relief is rich in forests, and above the height of 1700 m alpine pastures begin.

From the geological point of view, the ground is composed of clay sediment at the surface, melted with remains of eruption rocks, resulted from the degradation of the primary rocks. Under the clay layers, in the terrace area, follow gravel layers, and sand with binder, and in the hills there are large yellow-brown freestone deposits. Rodna Mountains are formed of dacite and andesite rocks, chalk, crystalline shivers, clay shivers, and marmot-chalk shivers.

The underground waters are largely spread in the area of Rodna Mountains, so we met them here too. They are the result of the tectonic complexity and represent a large economic resource. In Anieş, there are mineral waters, which are bottled. These resources are poorly exploited, if we consider their large capacity to regenerate. There is only one place where they are captured, in the village of Anieş, however they are destined only for the domestic use.

On the territory of the two villages, we meet slippery soils. In Rodna massive, we can meet glacial formations.

The town of Maieru is located in the northern area of Bistriţa-Năsăud county, 58 km far from the city of Bistriţa and 5 km from Sângeorz-Băi.
It is composed of two villages, Maieru and Anieş. Both area at the bottom of Rodna Mountains, crossed by the river Someşul Mare and the national road DN 17D.
It is located at the height of 470 m. The total surface is 13016 ha, out of which 427 ha are inside the incorporated area, and 12589 ha outside the incorporated area.

In the town of Maieru we meet three microclimates:

  • One, on Someşul Mare chute, which is a micro-depression climate, milder, characterized by the intense circulation of the air, intensification of the winds, which lead to a more frequent apparition of phemomenons such as freezing/melting. One issue of any region with similar geographical position is the fog, generated by water flows.

  • Forest Microclimate, which takes the deficiencies of the chute climate, by moderating the wind, bringing some thermal comfort by moderating the temperatures.

  • The last, in the mountain area, with a bleaker climate, with strong wids.

The average annual temperature varies vetween 6 C, in the chute, and 0 C in the mountain area. The precipitations frequence grows with altitude from 700 m to 1200 m. The most intense period is between May-July.
The climate of the area has a great tourism value, if we thing about the thickness and duration of the snow layer, allowing the skiing in the mountain area for a long season.
As in many other depressions, we meet the sedative climate, supposing the moderation of the climate factors, and therefore, the human body does not cope with too strong stimuli. This bio-climate can be appropriate for tourism, being recommended for persons who suffer from stress, as there are no counter-recommendations regardless the season, therefore, it is perfect for agro-tourism.
The tonic stimulating bio-climate of the mountains is met in Rodna Mountains above 800 m. This bio-climate is characterized by the low pressure of the atmosphere which can be an advantage for those who want to practice winter sports or agro-tourism.

The fauna is represented by a few protected species in the mountains: Carpathian bear, Carpathian deer, black grouse, haselhuhn, bald eagle, white stork, black stork.
Other animals are: wild boar, wild cat, buck, lynx, marten, fox, wolf, rabbit, squirrel, badger, otter, polecat, weasel, hedgehog, partridge, common wood pigeon, turtle, magpie, blackbird, cuckoo, trout, common minnow, burdock, barbell, and European chub.
All these species found here a favourable environment to develop, due to the height and vegetation.

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